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The Hawaiian ukulele is a member of the guitar family of instruments.  It originated in the 19th century as a Hawaiian interpretation of the machete taken to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants.  According to Queen Liliʻuokalani, the last Hawaiian monarch, the name means “the gift that came here,” from the Hawaiian words uku (gift or reward) and lele (to come).   King Kalākaua, a patron of the arts, incorporated the ukulele into performances at royal gatherings establishing it in Hawaiian music and culture.